“That more intelligent sort of girl who likes boys’ games and books”


Nice field gun! I wonder if this Mademoiselle Strategie was “that sort of intelligent girl” that H.G. Wells had in mind who would enjoy playing his Little Wars ? Xavier Sager  postcard, “Strategy” c. or pre WW1.


“Little Wars: a game for boys from twelve years of age to one hundred and fifty and for that more intelligent sort of girl who likes boys’ games and books” is the long and unusual title of H.G. Wells famous book that started modern war gaming back in 1913.

H.G. Wells had an eye for intelligent girls or ladies, such as Amber Reeves, a pioneering feminist Socialist student at Cambridge University  https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amber_Reeves with whom Wells had a child outside marriage in 1909. Wells called Amber  “Dusa”, a shortened form of his pet name (!) for her of Medusa.

Wells proved himself to be more than just the father of modern war gaming!

The years before Floor Games (1911), an account of floor games with his two sons,   led onto the “Sandgate Cannonade” of Little Wars (1913) were certainly busy ones for Wells, personally and professionally.

I wonder if this Xavier Sager designed Strategie / Strategy postcard girl  is “the sort of intelligent girl who likes boys games and books” that Wells had in mind? It’s certainly a nice field gun shooting at what looks like tiny men or toy soldiers.

I came across this curious “Little Wars” style postcard online attached to a completely unrelated foreign language medical website about heart disease.

I was puzzled – Any reason why it was on a medical website?

It’s an interesting little card from somewhere in the early 1900s through to WW1. Look carefully and you will see that the ammunition for her toy gun is hearts!

What Strategy is it that she proposes?

Why the Gulliver Lilliputian style differences in size between giant lady and puny male victims?

Are these her tiny fallen lovers?

Is she a Femme Fatale figure? A Dusa or mythical fate spinner, a fatal woman?

What of the tiny fallen or wounded figures on the floor, including one in uniform, cursing or crying out? He must have a very revealing view of  Mademoiselle “Strategie”.

What would the spirited Amber Reeves make of it all?

Strategy was produced as a comic or satirical postcard by Xavier Sager.  Sager was a European  postcard artist whom I had not heard of before but a quick internet search reveals him to have been most prolific.

However  little appears online or in print about Sager’s life. Xavier Sager may have been born in Austria in 1870 or 1881 and died in the USA in 1930. He mostly illustrated Paris life in the first few years of the 1900s. You can see many of his designs here and on Pinterest:



French website: http://wilfrid-sager.blogg.org

Sager’s image reminds me of this curious Gibson Girls comic drawing by American artist Charles Dana Gibson entitled “The Weaker Sex” (1903).

Caption this for female Wargamers or modellers?!? Sager’s images reminds me of this curious 1903 Gibson Girls drawing by American artist Charles Dana Gibson entitled “The Weaker Sex” (Wikipedia image source public domain)

Xavier Sager reputedly produced over 3000 designs of what in America would later be called pin ups, nose cone art  and far more relaxed and revealing than the fashionable Gibson Girls of America at the time.

Howard Chandler Christy WW1 poster
Howard Chandler Christy WW1 US poster

These Sager postcards are much more similar in cheeky style to the Howard Chandler Christy girls of WW1 American forces recruiting.

Lots of “military terms” or puns illustrated on postcards by Xavier Sager c. France WW1. As the old saying goes, Time spent in Reconnaissance is seldom wasted!

Many of the military ones seem focussed on cheeky, erotic or patriotic subjects such as flags, national songs, uniforms and female company for Allied soldiers including the Americans after their 1917 entry into WW1. They must have sold like hot cakes or donuts to the American doughboys.


Bersaglieri, part of a Sager postcard series on Allied national flags and uniforms  WW1. A similar female Bersaglieri postcard by Sager exists.

This post is for Marvin, a talented painter of WW1 miniatures!

These  images sit interestingly alongside the fantastical and unrealistic images of women or girl soldiers that Marvin of the Suburban Militarism blog has been researching, alongside the real female soldiers and support services https://suburbanmilitarism.wordpress.com/2017/04/26/girl-soldier/

There are plenty of Xavier Sager’s collectable vintage postcard images for sale online or viewable on Pinterest, if you want to look up his work any further, along with websites below.

Blog posted by Mark Man of TIN, 26 August 2018

B.P.S. Blog Post Script 

Mademoiselle Strategie with her ammunition of hearts may well be the female version of the man collecting a Jar of Hearts (conquests, hopefully, not real human organs) in Christina Perri’s recent song Jar of Hearts, better heard in the remix of the  time travelling Postmodern Jukebox, court musicians to the Duke of Tradgardland. Enjoy!



Territorial Terror

IMG_2842A comic postcard from 1911 with an interesting WW1 story on the back.

Crossposted from my occasional blog Sidetracked


Blogposted by Mark, Man of TIN 15 January 2018

Fighting his Battles O’er Again

Close up scan of the Britain’s toy soldiers on the table. Spot the first casualty on the right.

I came across this Edwardian / WW1 postcard by Underwood the photographers featuring some delightful and familiar toy soldiers.

These  look like the Foot Guards, marching at slope, firing, drummer and officer, some of my favourite Britain’s toy soldiers manufactured  from their early days in the late 1890s /1901 onwards (wearing gaiters) right through to the 1950s / 1960s but ones which are still in production from time to time today, date on their base 1990.


The boy and the toys give this a look of H.G. Wells’ 1913 book  Little Wars, mixed with Edwardian children in woollen Jerseys such as Christopher Robin from Winnie The Pooh and other children from A.A. Milne poems illustrated by E.H. Sheperd.

The bearded old soldier has a military style greatcoat, a hint of a Chelsea pensioner, opposite this curly haired boy (or almost girl?) Maybe the postcard suggests he is not only reliving his past  battles with the Britain’s toy soldiers and bell tents but looking at his once eager young self. This is a motif repeated in famous Victorian paintings like Millais’ The Boyhood of Raleigh:


Underwood photographers postcard

You know how you buy something, start researching it and come up with some unrelated unusual stories?

This postcard led me to discover more about early stereoscopic photographers in America, Edwardian penny magazines and one of the BFI’s most wanted missing silent films by a pioneering British woman film director. A film which started a court case between one early female film critic  and the female director about whether women could direct proper films or not …

The toy soldier postcard was given away free in 1d weekly magazines, so there must be quite a few of these cards around, posted and unposted.

It was given away in Smart Fiction magazine published weekly 1d by Shurey’s of London which was published or flourished between 1913 and 1924 before merging with Smart Novels. It published short stories by a range of authors:   http://www.philsp.com/data/data433.html#SMARTFICTION

The Underwood photograph was also given away in the similar Yes or No magazine, published weekly by Harry Shurey of London from 1904 – 1922, interestingly entitled in a 1917 (sample copy online) edition  “A favourite in the trenches”:


Short story magazines for the boredom of billet and trenches must have been a welcome distraction. Would the soldiers have been sent these magazines and postcards by their families or would they have been bought and posted home by the soldiers to their children?

The Shurey family and lost British films …

The Shurey family were an interesting or pioneering bunch from publisher father Harry, editor Charles  through to Harry’s daughter the 1920s silent movie producer Dorothy / Dinah Shurey https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dinah_Shurey.

On the BFI most wanted lost films, Dinah Shurey’s final film The Last Post 1929  (sound added 1930) has an intriguingly Underwood style photo of children dressed as ‘toy’ soldiers.


I wonder if a childhood full of sentimental Underwood photo postcards influenced this visual element of her film? See the still photo thumbnail at http://www.bfi.org.uk/explore-film-tv/bfi-national-archive/archive-projects/bfi-most-wanted

Brief Plot Synopsis: Soldier takes the blame when his Bolshevik brother shoots a soldier during the General Strike (which was in 1926). All for the love of the same woman … childhood sweethearts etc … you can read more of the plot at: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Last_Post_(film)


Looks like this postcard has been well cared for in a scrapbook or album, having well marked triangular mount corners.

This Space for Communication?

A collector I know of animal and zoo postcards named Alan Ashby, author of We Went to the Zoo Today: The Golden Age of Zoo Postcards, pointed out to me once that postcards with the space on the back to write your message were permissable only from 1902 onwards in the UK. Hence the reminder  “This Space for Communication.” Before then the short message had to be written squeezed into the caption space on the front of a picture postcard. The back was all for the important business of the address and postage stamps.

The cost of  a postcard postage and the stamp give some you a rough idea of date if no postmark date can be read – the 1/2d or halfpenny postage mentioned on this unposted card changed to 1d round about 1918 onwards. If this had been posted it would likely had  a George V stamp from the WWI period.

Alan Ashby also pointed out that many early postcards were mounted in albums, rather than posted,  as they were bought as souvenirs of a visit or collected for scrapbooks.

Two of the different poses featured in the postcard. The Britain’s drummer is a restored or repaired and repainted one of mine, the others were recently acquired from Britain’s stockists and online. Note the recent 1990 shiny detailed paint work compared to the front older Britain’s second grade or lower quality three / four paint restricted palette.

The Toy soldiers?

These look distinctively like early Britain’s figures and bell tents. These look like the Britain’s Foot Guards, marching at slope, firing, drummer and officer, manufactured from the late 1890s /1901 onwards (wearing gaiters) right through to the 1950s / 1960s. Some are still in production from time to time today, dated on their base 1990.

What games rules are they playing by? 🙂

Photo Underwood?

The “Underwood” photographer may have been Underwood and Underwood brothers from the USA, producing photographs and stereoscopic pictures in the right period https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Underwood_%26_Underwood

The same company produced several other child and soldier WW1 era patriotic postcards given away in the same manner:


This boy or girl and toy soldier or soldier daddy motif is obviously a sub genre of postcards across the whole of Europe at this time of war.

Lots more interesting WW1 era  toy soldier postcards in his fascinating June 20, 2012 blog / Article “The Search for Identity in a Smaller World” by Alan Petrulis in his Metropostcard blog:


More wealthy Edwardian moptops

The Edwardian child in the postcard is not that different in appearance from the poorly child in an illustration of the Land Of Counterpane poem by Robert Louis Stevenson, illustrated here by US artist Jessie May Wilcox.

Robert Louis Stevenson  himself was a poorly child who went onto become not only the famous novelist but also an early wargamer, writting up his battles in the Yallobelly Times maginatively about in the 1898  Scribners magazine article Stevenson at Play. http://vintagewargaming.blogspot.co.uk/2009/11/robert-louis-stevenson.html

But collecting illustrations of this (my favourite?) poem and the difficulties of wargaming with toy soldiers in bed is a whole ‘nother story for a future blog post …

Now that’s what I call imaginative terrain! Jessie Wilcox Smith’s illustration to The Land of Counterpane. Wikipedia image source.

Posted by  Mark, Man of TIN blog, 25 November 2016.